The Golf Factory Chapter Nine
Homer Kelley's "The Golfing Machine"

The Wrists

Chapter # Nine- The Wrist

THE WRIST can do one of three things that control the clubface:
It can bend, the left hand points to the outside of the arm, the face is closed.
It can remain flat, the back of left hand and forearm form a straight line, the face is suare.
It can arch, the left hand points to the inside of the arm. The face is open.

THE LEFT WRIST

The wrist is uncocked: when the top of the hand and the forearm form a straight line.
The wrist is cocked: when the thumb has formed the smallest angle between the thumb anf forearm.

The lesser the cock of the left wrist the lesser power added to the swing.
The greater the cock of th left wrist the greater the power added to the swing.

THE LEFT WRIST MUST REMAIN FLAT DURING THE ENTIRE SWING.
IF THE LEFT WRIST IS ARCHED THE CLUBFACE WILL ALWAYS BE OPEN, PRODUCING A SHOT TO THE RIGHT.
IF THE LEFT WRIST IS FLAT THE CLUBFACE WILL ALWAYS BE SQUARE, PRODUCING A STRAIGHT SHOT.
IF THE LEFT WRIST IS BEND THE CLUBFACE WILL ALWAYS BE CLOSED, PRODUCING A SHOT TO THE LEFT.

The cocking of the left wrist occurs because of the cocking motion of the right elbow.
The uncocking of the left wrist starts as soon as the clubhead moves to the outside (the side of the shaft away from the target) of the clubshaft as the clubshaft moves past vertical to the ground during the downswing. The left wrist continues to uncock until it has been fully uncocked slighty past ball seperation. This uncocking of the left wrist is caused by centrifugal force.

During the HORIZONTAL motion of the swing, away from the target or toward the target, caused by the rotation of the hips, the wrist are Vertical to the ground.
During the VERTICAL motion of the back swing, away from or toward the ground, caused by the cocking of the right elbow or centrifugal force, the wrist are square to the plane of the shaft.

THE MOTION OF THE LEFT WRIST WHILE THE BALL IS ON THE CLUBFACE WILL CAUSE THE BALL TO REACT IN DIFFERENT BALL FLIGHTS.

HORIZONTAL HINGING OF THE LEFT WRIST

The wrist remains vertical to the ground, is FLAT with the forearm and clubshaft and SQUARE to the radius of the left shoulder circle. This hinging motion allows for the clubhead to travel on the natural rotation of the arc of this circle. This natural rotation allows the clubface to move from open to closed, producing a slight draw. The upper left arm remains in contact with the chest.

ANGLED HINGING OF THE LEFT WRIST

The wrist remains Vertical to the ground and square to the target line (the left hand arches away from the left forearm), making an attempt to keep the clubhead moving toward the target. This motion disrupts the natural rotation of the clubhead, opening the clubface, causing a fade.

VERTICAL HINGING OF THE LEFT WRIST

The rotation of the left wrist away from the target. The Left wrist moves from vertical to the ground, to hoizontal to the ground. At this point the left wrist is pointing 90 degrees away from the target toward the sky. This vertical hinging motion allows the clubhead to remain square to the target line while the clubface is rolling back away from the target. This rolling back action adds addittional loft to the clubface. It produces a higher than normal shot with little or no roll. The upper left arm moves upward away from the chest.

THE LEFT WRIST CAN COCK BUT NOT BEND.

Homer Kelley
Howard McMeekin, PGA Life Member

What do the Wrist do in the golf swing? Chapter nine explains the actions of the wrist.